HTML, short for Hypertext Markup Language, is the foundation of web design and development. In Unit III Lesson 2, we will delve into the essential elements of HTML and understand how they contribute to creating attractive and functional web pages.
1. Structure with HTML Tags:
HTML utilizes tags to define the structure and content of a web page. Tags are enclosed within angle brackets (< >) and come in pairs: an opening tag and a closing tag. For example, the
tags are used to define the main heading of a page. By properly using tags, we ensure that our content is organized in a logical hierarchy.
2. Creating Headings and Paragraphs:
Headings are crucial for organizing information on a webpage hierarchically. HTML provides six levels of headings ranging from
(the most important) to
(the least important). These headings help improve readability and search engine optimization (SEO). Additionally, paragraphs (
) allow us to structure our text into coherent blocks.
3. Inserting Images:
Visual content enhances the user experience on websites. With HTML, we can easily insert images using the tag. This tag requires attributes such as src (source) to specify the image file’s location and alt (alternative text) for accessibility purposes or when an image cannot be loaded.
4. Creating Links:
Hyperlinks enable users to navigate between web pages seamlessly. The tag is used for creating links in HTML. We specify the destination URL using the href attribute within the opening tag, followed by anchor text between the opening and closing tags.
5. Crafting Lists:
HTML offers two types of lists: ordered lists (
- ) and unordered lists (
- tags, encapsulated within the appropriate list tag.
6. Styling with HTML Attributes:
HTML attributes provide additional functionality and styling to our elements. For example, the class attribute (
In conclusion, Unit III Lesson 2 covers the fundamental aspects of HTML that serve as building blocks for web design. By understanding these key elements, you will be able to create well-structured and visually appealing web pages. Whether you are a beginner or have prior experience, mastering HTML is essential for anyone venturing into web development or design. So dive in and start experimenting with the vast world of HTML – your gateway to crafting beautiful websites!
- ). Ordered lists display items with automatic numbering or lettering, while unordered lists use bullet points. List items are defined within